God’s Original Calendar – from http://www.4angelspublications.com/

This article from http://www.4angelspublications.com./ covers some initial questions people have about the Luni-Solar Calendar. I have copied it to this site for reference.

In the beginning, God created everything from nothing. Matter existed at the sound of His voice. Life entered man with the breath of God flowing into his lungs. Everything from nothing. All provisions for the happiness of man were provided by a loving God. And then, God gave man the Sabbath: a blessed and holy time in which to give back love and worship to his Creator. All people need to worship; it is how man’s brain is made.

But, lest after generations become confused and lose track of the days, God provided at Creation a built-in, ever present, always accurate clock/calendar to measure time and clearly designate the work days from the worship days. In order to worship God on the day He appointed, people must be able to understand how God’s clock/calendar works to know which day is number one, the starting point for counting the six days to work, with worship on the seventh.

The calendar God established at Creation was kept by the Jews until well into the 4th century A.D. It was a luni-solar calendar with months lasting either 29 or 30 days. Each new month started with the first appearance of the crescent moon. The years did not have a continuous cycle of weeks but instead the weekly cycle started over with each new moon. New Moon day was a worship day followed by six working days, with the seventh-day Sabbath on the eighth of the month. Three more successive weeks completed the month.

Most people find this concept so different it leaves their brain reeling. At the very least, it is tempting to denounce it as wrong simply because it is so foreign to everything Seventh-day Adventists have ever heard, believed, or preached. However, there is scriptural, historical, astronomical and prophetic proof that this description of the original calendar is true. This article will consider the scriptural and historical proof for the original calendar.

First, a definition in terms. There are only three kinds of calendars in use: the solar, the lunar and the luni-solar.

Solar calendars are based upon how long it takes the earth to revolve around the sun. The Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar with each new year arbitrarily beginning in the middle of winter on January 1. The solar year is 365.2422 days long. The left over time (approximately one quarter of a twenty-four hour period) accumulates over a four year period and is resolved by adding a leap day, currently February 29, every four years. Because the remaining time isn’t precisely  one quarter of a twenty-four hour period, adding one day every four years actually adds too much time. The extra time is removed from the calendar by, on a rare occasion, having eight years between leap years, rather than just four. Centurial years that are equally divisible by 400 are leap years; centurial years that are not equally divisible by 400 are not leap years. This is why A.D. 2000 was a leap year, but 1900, 1800 and 1700 were not, while 1600 was a leap year.

Lunar calendars are based strictly on the cycles of the moon. A lunar calendar is only 354 days long, or 11 days shorter than a solar year. As a result, the dates of the lunar calendar float through the solar year. An example of a lunar calendar is Islam’s religious calendar. This is why Ramadan is at differing times of the year on a Gregorian calendar. Sometimes Ramadan is in spring; other times, it comes in November or January, etc.

Luni-solar calendars are a combination of the two. The days are marked off by the rising of the sun while the months are tied to the cycles of the moon. A luni-solar calendar, because it uses both the sun and the moon, does not shift as much as a strictly lunar calendar, so spring feasts remain in the spring, while fall feasts remain in the fall. The Jewish luni-solar calendar used both observation and calculation. Because God established His clock/calendar at Creation, it would be reasonable to expect some reference to that in the Creation account given in Genesis. It is found right where one would expect to find it – in the record of the fourth day of Creation. “And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years” (Gen. 1:14.)

The word here translated “seasons” is mo’ed (#4150.) 1 It means:

Congregation, festive gathering; appointment, signal. . . . Mo’ed often designates a determined time or place without any regard for the purpose. Since the Jewish festivals occurred at regular intervals, this word becomes closely identified with them . . . Mo’ed is used in a broad sense for all religious assemblies. It was closely associated with the tabernacle itself . . . God met Israel there at specific times for the purpose of revealing His will. It is a common term for the worshiping assembly of God’s people. 2

Genesis 1:14 reveals that God created the “lights in the firmament” to be the means by which His people may know when His mo’ed’s occur. This is supported by Psalm 104:19: “He appointed the moon for seasons.” Again, the word here translated “seasons” is mo’ed.

All of God’s worship days in the Bible are called mo’eds. Leviticus 23 lists all of them. The very first one listed is the seventh-day Sabbath:

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts (mo’ed) of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts (mo’ed). Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.3

From there, God goes on to list the rest of His mo’eds – Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Feast of Tabernacles. They are all called mo’eds. People who keep the feasts, figure them by the moon, but the very first “feast” listed is the weekly feast (mo’ed) of the seventh-day Sabbath.

Anciently, the Jews waited to observe the first crescent of the moon and then the day following that sighting was New Moon day.

The Hebrew month was lunar,4 beginning with the evening on which the crescent moon appeared. The 1st day of the month was called the new moon (1 Samuel 20:24-27) . . . At first, visual observation was used to determine the appearance of the crescent. If the crescent was seen on the evening following the 29th day of the month, a new month had begun; if not, another day was added so that that particular month had 30 days (a month never had more than 30 days).5

 The biggest difference between God’s calendar and the calendars in use today is how the weeks cycle through the year. The Gregorian calendar, like the Julian calendar before it, has a continuous cycle of unending weeks, one after the other. God’s calendar does not. The weekly cycle started over with the appearance of each new moon.

This is how each month’s calendar looked for the night preceding the day:

Screen Shot 2014-04-28 at 9.20.54 pm


Again, the first visible crescent not only began each new month, it also restarted the weekly cycle. As a result, the seventh-day Sabbath always fell on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of the month.

To those who have never known anything different than a continuous, unending cycle of unbroken weeks, the idea of starting the weekly cycle over again each month strains credulity. However, be assured that the work week was never longer than the prescribed six days. Once a month they would have what today would be called “a long weekend,” and in a 29-day month the seventh-day Sabbath was immediately followed by a New Moon sabbath, but the days for work never exceeded 6 days.

Since the world has been on an unending weekly cycle for over 1,000 years, people today are unacquainted with a weekly cycle that is not continuous. Seventh-day Adventists, therefore, have misunderstood the following quote:

Like the Sabbath, the week originated at creation, and it has been preserved and brought down to us through Bible history. God himself measured off the first week as a sample for successive weeks to the close of time. Like every other, it consisted of seven literal days. Six days were employed in the work of creation; upon the seventh, God rested, and he then blessed this day, and set it apart as a day of rest for man.6

It has been assumed that this referred to a continuous weekly cycle. But all this quote is saying is that the week as a unit of time is still the original length of seven days. Studying the units of time measurement in the Hebrew economy is very revealing. Notice in particular the definitions of the various words.

Calendar Units (in the Hebrew economy)

The day–In calendar terms, the day is the smallest and most consistent unit of time. In the ancient world, the term day was used in two senses. It described a 24- hour period, as well as daylight in contrast to the night (Gen. 1:5) . . . .

The week–The week was a seven-day unit begun at the time of creation (Gen 1:31-2:2). The word week means “seven” (Gen 29:27; Luke 18:12). In the Bible the days of the week were called the “first day,” “third day,” and so forth (Gen 1:8-31; Matt 28:1), although the seventh day was known as “sabbath” (Ex 16:23; Matt 12:1). The day before the Sabbath was called “the Preparation Day” (Mark 15:42) . . . .

The month–The month was a unit of time closely tied to the moon. The Hebrew word for “month” also meant “moon” (Deut 33:14, NIV, NASB). The reason for the connection between the month and the moon is that the beginning of a month was marked by a new moon. The moon was carefully observed by the people of Bible times. When it appeared as a thin crescent, it marked the beginning of a new month.

The lunar month was about 29 days long. Therefore, the first crescent of the new moon would appear 29 or 30 days after the previous new moon. At times the crescent was not visible because of clouds. But this was allowed for with a rule that the new moon would never be reckoned as more than 30 days after the last new moon. This prevented too much variation in the calendar.7

What has been preserved since creation is a seven-day week. At different times through history, various cultures experimented with weeks of differing lengths. Some weeks were eight days long, while others were ten days long, depending upon how far apart were their market days.

Following is an illustration of an 8-day week Julian calendar. Each column stands for a month with the eight days of the week represented by letters in the columns.


Screen Shot 2014-04-28 at 9.21.03 pm

However, saying that the week as a unit of time has been preserved since Creation is different from assuming that the cycle of the weeks has been unbroken since Creation.

Sabbatarians have long used Isaiah 66:23 to prove that the seventh-day Sabbath will be the day of worship throughout eternity. Unfortunately, it has not been realized that this very same text also reveals the calendar by which God’s Sabbaths are calculated: “And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD.”

The first day of the lunar month was observed as a holy day. In addition to the daily sacrifice there were offered two young bullocks, a ram and seven lambs of the first year as a burnt offering, with the proper meat offerings and drink offerings, and a kid as a sin offering. Num 28:11-15. As on the Sabbath, trade and handicraft work were stopped, Amos 8:5, and the temple was opened for public worship. Isa 66:23; Ezek 46:3. The trumpets were blown at the offering of the special sacrifices for the day, as on the solemn festivals. Num 10:10; Ps 81:3. It was an occasion for state banquets. 1 Sam 20:5- 24. In later, if not in earlier times, fasting was intermitted at the new moons. The new moons are generally mentioned so as to show that they were regarded as a peculiar class of holy days, distinguished from the solemn feasts and the Sabbaths. . . . The religious observance of the day of the new moon may plainly be regarded as the consecration of a natural division of time.8

An indication that the New Moon sabbaths were actually considered to be higher than the seventh-day Sabbath is the additional sacrifices offered that day.

One of the clearest passages in the Bible that show that the Jews kept the luni-solar calendar is found in Exodus 16. Ironically, it is one of the chapters Sabbatarians have used to “prove” that Saturday is the Biblical Sabbath. It is the account of the Children of Israel first receiving manna.

Exodus 16:1 & 2 states:

And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

It may not be immediately clear how this proves a luni-solar calendar. This is because of a change in punctuation when the Bible was translated into English. Technically speaking, the ancient Hebrew did not have punctuation marks as exist today. However, they did have little marks, or breaks, that let the reader know where the end of the thought was or, in effect, “where the period is supposed to go.” This is called an atnach and is found after the location given in verse one. A correct rendering of these verses, than, is this:

And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai. (Atnach)

And on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt, the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

On the fifteenth day of the second month which, by luni-solar reckoning is always a seventh-day Sabbath, the Israelites griped to Moses and Aaron because their food had run out. The Lord’s response is found in verse four:

Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

So, here He is telling them, “I’m going to give you some manna; and the way I’ll know whether or not you obey Me will be if you try and work to collect it on the seventh day. I’m spelling it out for you now to prepare twice as much on the sixth day. We’ll see if you obey Me.”

The story continues in verse six. Moses and Aaron went and announced to the people that at “even” they would have meat and in the morning they would see the glory of the Lord.

And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoarfrost on the ground.9

The meat “came up” at “even” – the “even” after they complained, and the next morning they found manna.

Moses then explained that the manna was bread from God and they were to gather it for six days without leaving any left-overs for the next day. On the sixth day, he said, they were to gather twice as much as there would be none on the seventh day (verses 15-22.) When the sixth day arrived, Moses gave them some additional instructions:

This is that which the LORD hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD; bake that which ye will bake today, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

They gathered the manna for six days. Six days starting when? Starting the 16th of the month, the day on which the manna first fell after their complaining on the 15th. The next day, Moses said, was “the rest of the holy Sabbath unto the Lord.” It’s a simple math problem: 15 + 7 = 22. Again, when the first of the month is a New Moon Sabbath, the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th are also always seventh-day Sabbaths.

The next day, which would have been the 22nd, the Sabbath, “there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.”10

This was the test the Lord referred to earlier – would they obey Him and keep the Sabbath by resting on it or not?

And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? See, for that the LORD hath given you the Sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. So the people rested on the seventh day.11

The seventh day from when? From the first day they received the manna which would have been the 16th of the month, a first day.

Seventh-day Adventists have always said that the Sabbath was established by the fact that for 40 years God provided proof as to which day was the Sabbath by two miracles:

  1. Giving manna on the six working days;
  2. Withholding manna on the seventh day.

It has not been seen that this same passage provides an insight into the construction of the luni- solar months. Other passages in the Bible also support such configuring of the luni-solar month, but it is not within the scope of this work to go into all of them.

Since the lunar year is 11 days shorter than the solar year, God provided a reliable way of anchoring the new year to the spring. He did this by connecting the first lunation of the year to the barley harvest. Most years had 12 lunations or months. These were referred to as “perfect” or common years. Embolismic years, or “leap” years, had 13 lunations as an entire additional month was required to reconcile the wandering lunar year to the solar. Embolismic years were considered “defective.”

The barley-harvest law, when applied to a continuous series of years, is the same in its performance as the law of the 19-year cycle . . . The extra moons are interpolated that bring the lunar year into harmony with the solar . . . The embolismic years follow the same cycle number indefinitely, and the cycle can be numbered from any year in the series.12

The order runs as follows:

Embolismic year (13 lunations) – *
common year (12 lunations) – c


During the years of Israel’s obedience, God faithfully sent the early (fall) and latter (spring) rains. The priests planted a field of barley in the Kidron Valley. Throughout the Julian/Gregorian March and into the first week of April the latter rains fell, bringing the grain to full maturity. It was the grain from this field that was offered as the wave sheaf on the second day of Feast of Unleavened Bread (or Nisan 16 – the day Jesus was resurrected.) Anytime before the first week of April, the barley would not have been ready. Therefore, by tying the start of their year to the month of the barley harvest, God reconciled the lunar cycle to the solar cycle. This simple harvest rule kept the people from fixing the year to the spring equinox as did the pagans.

The idea that the Jews have never lost track of the true Sabbath is as erroneous as the idea that the weekly cycle in use today is the same one since Creation. The Jews themselves did away with their God-ordained calendar. After the destruction of Jerusalem and the dispersion of the Jewish people from their homeland, it became increasingly difficult, with the addition of their rabbinical regulations, to calculate a calendar tied to the barley harvest. Under intense persecution in the fourth century, the Jews themselves abandoned their barley-harvest regulation at which time a fixed, counterfeit 19-year cycle tied to the vernal equinox was established.

An additional difference in the Biblical calculation of time is when the day begins. Ever since Mrs. Rachel Oakes brought the light of the seventh-day Sabbath to Adventists, it has been assumed that the Sabbath began on Friday. Initially, for a number of years, Adventists kept the Sabbath from 6 p.m. Friday evening until 6 p.m. Saturday night. Later, a text was found that led them to believe the Sabbath should start instead at “even.”

This was startling to Ellen White. “I inquired [of the angel] why it had been thus, that at this late day we must change the time of commencing the Sabbath.”13

The angel’s response is very intriguing. He replied, “Ye will understand, but not yet, not yet.”

The text, from which they extrapolated the idea that the Sabbath was to start at sunset, is found in Leviticus 23:32: “. . . from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.” Rather than investigating further, Seventh-day Adventists have always just assumed that text applied to the seventh-day Sabbath.

However, earlier in the vision, the angel instructed Ellen White: “Take the word of God, read it, understand, and ye cannot err. Read carefully, and ye shall there find what even is, and when it is.”14

Had they been correct in believing that the Sabbath began at “even,” the angel would certainly have confirmed that. He did not. Instead, he redirected them to the Word of God, because a careful study of the Word will reveal that “what even is, and when it is”, is not what has been assumed.

In English, the word “even” is synonymous with “evening/twighlight.” The same does not hold true in the Hebrew. To the Jews, “even” was anytime from noon until sunset, just as “morning” was anytime from dawn until noon. This is why Jesus, as the anti-typical lamb could die at the 3 o’clock in the afternoon and it still be the time of the evening sacrifice.

When Leviticus 23:32, the main “proof text” for sunset to sunset Sabbath keeping, is read in context, a startling contradiction comes to light. In this passage, it is speaking of the manner in which the Day of Atonement is to be kept. The Jews always fasted on the Day of Atonement and they based that practice on this text.

Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls . . . And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement . . . Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.15

Did you catch it? It is spelled out right there in the very last sentence. “In the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.” First of all, in this context, it is speaking strictly of the Day of Atonement. Furthermore, if they were to afflict their souls (fast) starting the evening of the ninth and going until the evening of the tenth, they would be fasting on the ninth and not the tenth! If the day begins at sunset (or even) as has always been assumed, then the “ninth day of the month at even” would be the sunset following the day of the eighth.

In other words, were the day to start at even, than the entire 24-hour day begins at the evening of the day before. God’s people cannot afford to be inconsistent. If “even-to-even” is correct, as has been assumed, the text would be saying that they were to begin “afflicting” their souls on the evening that begins the day of the ninth. The fast would then end on the evening that begins the tenth with no fasting whatsoever on the actual Day of Atonement.

This, obviously, cannot be what was meant. The text needs to be interpreted in the way intended: the day begins in the morning with the dawning of a new day. Therefore, the fast would begin on the ninth of the month at evening, the evening before the Day of Atonement, and end when evening came, the night of the tenth.

Another inconsistency brought to light in the even to even theory is found in the story of the Passover. Jesus, the great anti-typical Lamb, was slain at the time of the evening sacrifice – the time when the Passover lambs had been slain for centuries:

When the loud cry, “It is finished,” came from the lips of Christ, the priests were officiating in the temple. It was the hour of the evening sacrifice. The lamb representing Christ had been brought to be slain . . . With a rending noise the inner veil of the temple is torn from top to bottom by an unseen hand . . . All is terror and confusion. The priest is about to slay the victim; but the knife drops from his nerveless hand, and the lamb escapes. Type has met antitype in the death of God’s son. The great sacrifice has been made.16

“The Passover was observed as it had been for centuries, while He to whom it pointed had been slain by wicked hands, and lay in Joseph’s tomb.”17

Christ perfectly fit all of the types of the sanctuary service, even to dying at the precise time the Passover lamb was slain at the time of the evening sacrifice. Now there is a problem. Back in Egypt at the first Passover, the angel of death went forth at midnight. If Jesus died at 3 p.m. on the sixth day of the week, the preparation day, when the Passover lamb had been slain for centuries, then that means that the angel of death did not “pass over” the houses of the Israelites on “Passover” at all. If the new day truly started in the evening, then the angel of death passed over the Israelites at midnight on the 15th of Nisan, not truly on Nisan 14, the Passover.

Only if the day starts at dawn does this make sense. The angel of death did not pass over on the 15th, but rather on the 14th, the Pass-over. He went through Egypt at midnight, following the daylight hours of the 14th.

The new day started at dawn, not sunset. Other texts confirm this, too. Matthew 28:1 states: “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher.” The Sabbath ended and the new day, the first day of the week, began at dawn.

Seventh-day Adventists have always believed that the reason the Jews were so anxious to get Jesus and the thieves off the cross was because Sabbath was coming at evening. But this is not consistent with the Biblical account. If the Sabbath actually began at evening, rather than the morning, they were already breaking it by waiting until evening to begin the work of getting them down.

Matthew 27:57-60 tells us:

When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus’ disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb . . . .”

All of this takes time, especially when he first had to go to Pilate to receive permission, then wait while Pilate sent a messenger to Golgotha to see if Jesus was really dead. If the point was to “keep the Sabbath”, the Sabbath was already being broken by the fact that they did not even begin until “even was come.”

The account in Luke gives even more detail of the lengthy process involved and reveals clearly just when the Sabbath began:

And, behold there was a man named Joseph, a counselor; and he was a good man, and a just . . . This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulcher that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.18

The account in Matthew reveals that this process did not even start until “even was come”, while Luke’s account clarifies that the hours in which this was accomplished fell on the preparation – still the sixth day of the week.

The phrase translated “drew on” in this text, is the Greek word, e)pifwvskw (epiphosko). The definition is startling: “to begin to grow light: – begin to dawn.”19 It is a form of #2017,

e)pifanvw (epiphauo), which means “to illuminate . . . give light.”20 Because they waited until evening to even begin the process of seeking permission to take the body, taking it down, cleaning and wrapping it, etc., it took them the night hours to do their work. They did not finish until the Sabbath began as it started to grow light.

Did Ellen White believe the Sabbath was to be kept from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday?


Does that in any way affect her standing as a prophet of the Lord?

Absolutely not. Ellen White must not be held to an unfair standard. Daniel has never been denounced as a false prophet simply because he did not understand everything. To caution against extreme reactions when new light is brought forth, Ellen White wrote:

We have many lessons to learn, and many, many to unlearn. God and Heaven alone are infallible. Those who think that they will never have to give up a cherished view, never have occasion to change an opinion, will be disappointed. As long as we hold to our own ideas and opinions with determined persistency, we cannot have the unity for which Christ prayed.21

Just what have we, as a church, actually unlearned since this statement was made? God’s people must not stumble over something just because it is new. Rather, study with an open mind, determining to obey if it is true.

We must not think, “Well, we have all the truth, we understand the main pillars of our faith, and we may rest on this knowledge.” The truth is an advancing truth, and we must walk in the increasing light.22


Hebrew Calendation Principles

Each day started at sunrise and continued until the next sunrise.

Evening was from noon until sunset.

Sunset until sunrise was night and was counted as part of the previous day.

There were four watches during the night: sunset to 9:00; 9:00 to midnight; midnight to 3:00; 3:00 to sunrise.

Months started with the day following the observation of the crescent moon in the western sky after sunset.

Months, lunations, had either 29 or 30 days.

If no crescent was seen, the month automatically started on the day following the 30th.

The 30th was a work day, not a worship time.

The beginning day of the month was a worship day and was called New Moon.

Six working days followed the New Moon day.

The Sabbath always fell on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of each month.

The year had either 12 months (common) or 13 months (embolismic).

The year had six 29 day months and six 30 day months – 11 days short of the solar year.

The year began with the one crescent moon after the spring equinox which provided a Paschal full moon between the Julian/Gregorian dates of April 8 and May 6.

Allowing the barley harvest to reconcile the lunar year to the solar year, the years fell naturally into a 19-year cycle of common and embolismic years.

There were never more than two common years in a row before an embolismic year. There were never two embolismic years in a row.

A cycle of 19 years gave a nearly perfect alignment with the solar year.

In the nineteen year cycle, there were seven embolismic years.

The 19-year cycles can be calculated on a perpetual calendar both forward and backward for thousands of years.

When a doctrine is presented that does not meet our minds, we should go to the word of God, seek the Lord in prayer, and give no place for the enemy to come in with suspicion and prejudice. We should never permit the spirit to be manifested that arraigned the priests and rulers against the Redeemer of the world. They complained that He disturbed the people, and they wished He would let them alone; for He caused perplexity and dissension. The Lord sends light to us to prove what manner of spirit we are of. We are not to deceive ourselves. Gospel Workers 301

1 “The following Lexical Aids provide more extended definitions of key words than James Strong’s A Concise Dictionary of the Words in the Hebrew Bible, found at the back of this Bible. Hence, the reader has in the same volume with the text of the Bible, information that is normally found only in Hebrew lexicons, word studies, and commentaries,”

2 Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible, King James Version, 1594. 2 Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible, King James Version: “Lexical Aids to the Old Testament”, 1626.

3 Lev. 23:1-3

4 The month was lunar while the year was luni-solar as can be proven by the fact that Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread were always in the spring when the barley harvest was ripe. This allowed them to offer the wave sheaf of first fruits before the Lord on the second day of Feast of Unleavened Bread. Had the Hebrew calendar been strictly lunar without any reconciliation to the longer solar year, the spring feasts would have drifted through the solar year and not remained in the spring. 5 SDA Bible Dictionary, revised edition, Review & Herald Publishing Association, 1979, Commentary Series, Vol. 8, 757-758.

SDA Bible Dictionary, revised edition, Review & Herald Publishing Association, 1979, Commentary  Series, Vol. 8, 757-758.  

6 CE 190
7 Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1986.

8 Smith’s Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted, emphasis supplied. Page 6 of 15

9 Exodus 16:13, 14

10 Exodus 16:27
11 Exodus 16:28-30

12 Grace Amadon, “Ancient Jewish Calendation”, 8-9, Box 1, Folder 9, Grace Amadon Collection.

13 1T 116
14 Ibid., emphasis original.

15 Lev. 23:27, 28, 31 & 32

16 DA 756 & 757

17 DA 774

18 Luke 23:50, 52-54, emphasis supplied.
19 James Strong, #2020, “Dictionary of the Greek Testament”, The New Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1990, 32.

20 Ibid.
21 CET 203

22 CW 33


The Gregorian Calendar is not Gods true Calendar.


The following has arisen out of using the Blue Letter Bible web site which has allowed me to look up the actual meanings of the original text in the verses below. The implications of the translation is of importance as it appears that some words have not been translated correctly.

Each word is linked to the the Blue Letter Bible web site’s Strongs concordance so you are able to verify the accuracy of what I have presented below. The Strongs Concordance is a tool which allows us who speak English to look up the meaning of the original text which was written in Hebrew or Greek. The following highlights the way in which the Sabbath day used to be calculated and it shows that the little horn (Rome) has changed it.

So you are aware, no, I am not rewriting the Bible. I am simply looking the the words to see how they should be translated. To provide meaning I have shown the area in (brackets) as items I have appended (you are welcome to question these parts or even discard them – the Bible has many items such as this scattered throughout the text). Everything else is straight from the translation using the Strongs Concordance.

Daniel 8:9-14

9 And from one H259 of them came forth H3318 a little H4704 horn H7161 which became superior H3499 and very great H1431 toward the south H5045 and toward the sunrise H4217 and toward the glorious H6643 (land).

10 And it (the little horn) became great H1431 (against) the sun, moon and stars H6635 in the visible sky H8064 and causes them to waste away such that they become inferior H5307 , the sun, moon  H6635  and the sparkling stars H3556  to the surface of the earth H776 and trampled upon them (thus destroying the knowledge of their function).

11 And he made himself of great importance, magnifying himself H1431 as the Ruler of rulers H8269 of the continuously without interruption H8548 (cycle of weeks) and caused himself of be exalted and shown as powerful H7311 H7311 and God’s dwelling place the temple H4720 was cast down H7993.

12 And the Sun Moon and the stars H6635 were delivered up and given H5414 to the continuously without interruption H8548 as a transgression against God H6588 which cast away H7993 the truth H571 to the ground H776 which bought about H6213 prosperity and success (for the little horn).

13  Then I heard H8085 a certain H259 Holy One H6918 speaking  H1696 to another H259 Holy One H6918 who said H559 to that certain one H6422 which spoke H1696 “(Until when) the vision H2377 of the continuously (without interruption) H8548  transgression H6588 which stuns, stupefies and makes desolate H8074 will be permitted H5414 to be set apart from God H6944 such that the Sun, moon and stars H6635 are trodden upon?  H4823

14 And he said H559 unto two thousand H505 and three H7969 hundred H7969 evenings H6153 and mornings H1242;  then the separation of God H6944 will be justified and made righteous.  H6663

The interesting part for me in particular was the translation of the strongs word H6635 (tsä·vä’) – It can mean host, but this is in relation to an army which is not being spoken about here. What does fit exactly is the Sun, moon and stars.

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The meaning for you and I? We are currently using the wrong Calendar. We are using a continuously cycle week which does not use the Sun, the Moon or the stars to determine the months. The Biblical Calendar does not use a continuously cycling week. The present weekly cycle is “stunning and stupefying”all who fall under it.

The mark of the beast is not a physical mark. I believe it is worshipping on any day which is not Sunday. This includes those who worship on Saturday, Friday or the Calendar which the Bible uses.

A footnote:
The 2300 days (years as I always hear it) has nothing to do with years. It has to do with 2300 days which is up to and including the last day when Rome will be allowed to rule and is a part of the 2550 days at the end of time. Why? It says specifically in the verse “evenings H6153 and mornings H1242” and then says after this time ” the separation of God H6944 will be justified and made righteous H6663.” There is simply no way to translate morning and evenings into years.


End of an age ?

This video presents an interesting topic for me. I hope others see it and investigate the topic themselves.


Dates which may be important. Times below are based in Jerusalem.

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Other possibilities?

The Calendar used in the Bible seems to have leap months on a 19 year recurring cycle. These years are the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th and 19th years. This is what is known as the metonic cycle. It has been put forward that the current Jewish Calendar is not on the correct cycle, which may be a possibility and needs further investigation.

When using the Calendar, for example from Worldslastchance.com, you discover that they are in the 9th Cycle. The reason for this is as follows:

At the Fall equinox, the sun rises due east and sets due west.  Immediately following the Fall equinox, the sun apparently begins moving south, rising and setting further south each day, until it reaches the most southern point in its circuit at the Winter solstice3.  Immediately following the Winter solstice, which is the shortest day of the year, the sun apparently begins moving back towards the north.  On the day of the Spring equinox4, the sun will again be perfectly aligned with the equator.  One this day, the sun will again rise due east and set due west; day and night will essentially be the same length, each consisting roughly of 12 hours.  It is only after this point that that the daylight hours will begin to outweigh the dark hours, and the sun can be rightfully said to have begun a new circuit, or revolution.  For this reason, the New Year begins with the first lunation after the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere5. 


They have calculated that the Jewish Calendar is out for this reason. According to their calendar an extra month is added in the metonic cycle 8 which occurs on March 21 2015 and is complete on the 18th of April 2015 (29 days).

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Photo 234

How might this fit the 2550 days?

13/10/2015 according to WLC’s calendar (which is just after the last blood moon and solar eclipse) is the Feast of Tabernacles. Seven year later the Day of Atonement is on the 05/10/2022. The number of days between? 2550!

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I also note the following:

1260 days from the 13/10/2015 is the 25/03/2019. Personally I believe the two witnesses will be killed on this date. If they are killed half way through the 1260th day, three and a half days later brings us to the end of the 28/03/2019. The end of the Sabbath on the 28th.

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Anyway, these are all just thoughts. I am not certain of them, but at least I know to look.



Fallacy of the Lunar Sabbath? – Hardly -Part 2

Notes on:

The Fallacy of Lunar Sabbaths Part 2

I was about to skip all of this as it does not use the Bible to prove anything, then I came across this:


An argument is advanced by the lunar Sabbath proponent that Leviticus 23:15, 16 which reads “seven Sabbaths shall be complete” should be understood as a period of 49 non-consecutive days. This is quite arbitrary and in no other place where the Scripture mentions a period of days [i.e. 40 days and nights] will this argument be advanced. As they say ‘necessity is the mother of invention.’


There is a serious problem if we are going to start throwing away section of the Bible because they do not agree with us. Saying that it is invented is saying that you deny what is written.


“Again, it’s [the New Moon Day] not counted as one of the 6 working days – of which all 6 are required to make a “Sabbath complete”…”
So by using the phrase “Sabbath complete” the lunar theory is attempting to say that the “fifty days” of Leviticus 23:15, 16 really means “fifty consecutive working days” and since the New Moon is not a working day it cannot be counted as a part of the fifty. By excluding these days from the 50 day count the lunar Sabbath system attempts to explain why Leviticus 23 with its 7 completed Sabbaths plus 1 day= 50 formula does not invalidate lunar Sabbaths.


Well that’s up to them. I don’t know that I would agree with that. I believe you need to count the number of days the Lord has asked. As it says days, it means all days, including New Moon day.


Ironically enough this creative attempt to solve the dilemma creates a whole new problem for the lunar Sabbath theory (with its repeating Sabbaths on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th of every month). How so? Certain of the annual “holy convocations” in the Jewish religious calendar are also non-working days and, by the made-up previous rule, they should not count as a part of the necessary 6 working days to bring one up to a 7th day Sabbath. This becomes problematic for the lunar Sabbath theory because it holds to repeated Sabbaths on the same day every month (i.e. See Lev 23:7 where the 16th day of the 1st month is a non-working day hence it should be excluded from the count and would then bump the next Sabbath to the 23rd instead of the 22nd) Other examples could be mentioned as well. To make a long story short, the very rule whereby the lunar Sabbath theory is attempting to solve its dilemma creates a new one for it. Excluding all non-working days from the weekly count would prevent the Sabbath day from being on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th in certain months.

Well I do not see it the way you have been told. I see the count as a count of days, so it is not an issue.


Now if that weren’t enough there’s another problem. The lunar Sabbath theory, at least as it was presented to me by this particular advocate, includes the 7th day Sabbath as a part of the total 7 days required for a week but not as a part of the total 50 day count in Leviticus 23. Again, the same author wrote the following.

“The Sabbath would not have counted as one of the work days exactly like the new moon was not counted as one of the working days… …For a sabbath complete would require a full complete week – i.e. 6 days of work followed by a 7th day sabbath.”

Again as I have pointed out this is not the way the Bible teaches. 7 weeks then 50 days. Count 7 weeks, then count 50 days. There is no skipping days whether they be a new moon day or not.


Can anyone else see what type of convoluted mess is being created by this theory? Herein we see he collapse of the entire argument. Besides the fact that the “Sabbath complete” argument is against the plain reading of the text – (In the Hebrew the verb “hayah” [to be] is in the imperfect [future tense]- hence ‘seven Sabbaths shall becomplete’ is the correct rendering) we also see a problem. According to our lunar Sabbath advocate in the quote above 1-6 working days plus a non-working 7th day equals a full complete week.

Notice carefully that the lunar Sabbath proponent includes a non-working day (the 7th) is included in the week. The Hebrew word for week is “Shabuwa”- means a period of 7 days. It’s close relation to “Sheba” the Hebrew word for seven proves this. Even the lunar Sabbath proponent will admit this.

Now here is the crux of the matter. In a parallel passage to Leviticus 23:15, 16 which says that seven Sabbaths shall be complete we learn that the same amount of time is called seven weeks.

“Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn. And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee” (Deut 16:9,10)

So what are we saying? The 7th day Sabbath (a non-working day) is counted as a part of the week. A week is simply a period of 7 consecutive days (regardless of whether one works or does not work on those days) and no one can dispute this.

The 7 weeks of Deut 16:9,10 are the same amount of time as 7 completed Sabbaths of Lev 23:15,16. Since the Sabbaths (non-working days) are a part of the weekly count why then should any other non-working day be excluded from the count? In light of the fact that 7 weeks are mentioned the only way that the lunar Sabbath proponent can hold to his precocious theory is to argue that the “week” in Deut 16:9,10 does not mean a period of 7 consecutive days.

So what we have seen is that the lunar Sabbath theory must redefine phrases (seven Sabbaths shall be complete) and also words (week) in order to stand.


I need do no such thing. 7 Weeks. 50 days. Simple.

As I stated previously the lunar Sabbath proponent must create a rule to deal with the fact that the math doesn’t work out in their system. Such creative reinterpretation is absolute nonsense. The whole attempt to remove certain days out from the weekly count because they are non-working days is foolishness. If the week (7 day period) includes as a part of its count a non-working day every single week (the 7th day of every week) why should it be thought exceptional if the New Moon day (once per month) is included in a 50 day count? Truthfully it shouldn’t and Biblically it wasn’t. 7 weeks and 7 completed Sabbaths are one and the same- 49 days. No ifs ands or buts!

If you are so certain. Could you then explain how we are shown two lunar months in the Bible, with a link in between, where the Sabbaths fell on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th days? Visit this URL to see what I mean: https://robrichmond.wordpress.com/2014/03/20/the-month-in-the-bible/

Then I’d like you ignore the Gregorian Calendar and the timeline for just a moment (as you say God asks you to worship every seven days) and see what happened when one person travels east and one person travels west. (You’ll be out by 48 hours). How? Mid way around the globe you would be 24 hours difference (12 hours out by each person) The entire way around will add another 12 hours each. 28 hours. 2 days difference!


Fallacy of the Lunar Sabbath? Hardly… – Part 1

Notes on:

The Fallacy of Lunar Sabbaths Part 1

The next topic I would like to deal with is the lunar Sabbath theory. Now what exactly is the lunar Sabbath theory and how is it a danger to the remnant? This theory holds that, instead of the 7th day Sabbath being a Saturday every week, the “true” Bible Sabbath can be on any day of our week because it depends on the when the month starts. Now if that sounds confusing to you truthfully this theory can be a bit confusing. In short what it does is merge the weekly and monthly day count together. Or, in other words, it starts counting the days of the week at the same time that it starts counting the days of the month. And since the New Moon day (start of the month) can happen on any day of the week (according to how we count days of the week- Sunday, Monday, etc,…) therefore, for the lunar Sabbath proponent, the 7th day of the week could end up being a Sunday, Monday, etc,… According to the lunar Sabbath theory the “true” Bible Sabbath is always on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th of each month starting from the New Moon.


Yes. It sounds confusing. The same way it is confusing when one learns to tie their shoelace. But that doesn’t stop everyone from learning the Gregorian Calendar learning different lengths of the months and learning a repeating weekly cycle.

The Calendar presented in the Bible is even simpler than this to understand. The first of of the New moon is New Moon day as presented in the Bible. The Second day of the moth is the first day of the week as presented in the Bible.


Now one might think that no Seventh-day Adventist would be duped by this theory but sadly this is not the case. There are several websites out there now promoting this so-called truth.


This article starts by claiming that no one should be duped by this theory. In the Dictionary, Duped means to be deceived or tricked. It is sad to see this writer coming to his conclusion at the beginning of his document before he has even provided any proof that the lunar Sabbath is if fact wrong.


The lunar Sabbath movement is growing and it is aimed especially at SDAs


It is not aimed at SDA’s. Rather it is aimed at all. It appears however that SDA’s have the most negative comments to place upon it as they believe they are 100% correct on everything.


If satan cannot cause you to believe that the day no longer matters (the popular belief amongst evangelicals) or that the solemnity of the 7th day Sabbath has been transferred to the 1st day of the week (the belief of our catholic friends and conservative protestants) then he will try to dupe you with this idea- that the true Bible Sabbath is not Saturday but that it depends upon the lunar cycle.


It is sad to think you believe this. That people around the world who are looking for Christ and reading their Bible, and have gone the extra step to work out where the Sabbath day truly lies would be trying to fool you.

This idea is gaining in popularity. In fact, I read an article (I think it was in the Review but I could be mistaken) sometime back were several former SDAs claimed to have discovered that the “true” Bible Sabbath are lunar Sabbaths always on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th day of the month regardless of what particular day those dates happen to be. In investigating this idea I discovered another danger to the remnant so I will now attempt to show the evidence that refutes the lunar Sabbath theory. Please join me for prayer.


Good. This is what I have been looking for,


Now where does this measurement of time (7 days= 1 week) come from? The only answer that the Bible offers is the creation narrative (the previous implicit reference). Now as a matter of fact, a recurring week is necessary for both the lunar Sabbath proponent and the 7th day Sabbath (Saturday) proponent and when we look back at the creation story it is important to note that the sun, moon and stars did not come into existence until the 4th day of the creation week (Gen 1:14-19).


Hang on. A week which recurs in the Lunar Sabbath model only reoccurs 4 times a month. It does not continuously reoccur. They are different.


This stands as an evidence that the week, as an unit of time, is not dependent upon the moon in terms of when it begins and ends.


It sounds very much like you are saying that God does not have the power to place the moon and the Sun in the Sky where it needed to be during the week which was creation.


The Bible is clear that the first weekly count began before the sun, moon and stars even existed. God gave these great lights as markers so that humanity could be aware of the passing of time (Gen 1:14) but He did not make them as a means of creating time.


Yes. This is the order in which God created things. God has a reason for the order in which he creates things. You and I cannot understand this.


“Since the number seven runs contrary to every known astronomical measurement of time, the best explanation for its importance and its usage still remains the Biblical account of the divine blessing andsanctification of the seventh day at the completion of creation” (Divine Rest for Human Restlessness pg 29)


Whilst I agree with this text, it is important to only use the Bible as your guide, nothing else.


What Brother Bacchiochi has pointed out here is important in our discussion because it helps to show that the week is an expression of God’s sovereignty over time. In fact this is one of the reasons why the 7th day Sabbath so powerful- it is an expression of our submission to God as Lord over all things- even time and how we use it. But, keeping to the topic at hand, the point here is that the first week (period of 7 days) that this world ever knew did not begin based on the moon’s orbit. This is an evidence (but not an absolute proof) that the week, while operating concurrently with the moon’s orbit, is not dependent upon it.


Again you are assuming that God, the one who created all things, cannot place the moon where it needs to be in the sky.


Now another very important point to note is that the week is cyclical in nature. After 7 days have been completed a new week begins. This unbroken cycle has continued throughout all time and the Bible simply takes it for granted (i.e. the manna story of Exodus 16). The lunar Sabbath theory, on the other hand, believes in successive weeks up to a certain point but it must invent rules to deal with the breaks (of 1 or 2 days every month) in the weekly cycle at the end of every month. There’s an old saying that declares that necessity is the mother of invention. This stands true for the lunar Sabbath theory because a lunar cycle (29.5 days) does not fit neatly with a non-broken recurring weekly cycle of 7 days. If you do the math you will see that at the end of every month (the 4th week- or 28 days) there would be an extra 1 or 2 days. This is quite the problem for lunar Sabbath adherents. How is the weekly cycle affected by these extra days? Do these extra days count as a part of the next week? Are they ignored? Should they be treated as common working days? Are they non-working days? There is no Bible answer! However one lunar Sabbath proponent that I corresponded with suggested that they were considered common labor days. This idea is the invention of necessity because there are no Scriptures that support that such days even existed so how much less any rule pertaining to them? The very silence of the Scriptures on this matter evidences the fact that lunar Sabbaths are a non-biblical invention. Let me give an example of why lunar Sabbaths are not the true Bible Sabbath.


This is not correct. I can clearly show two months in a row (with no break between them) where the sabbath days fall on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th days.

The Sabbaths sometimes had single day at the end of the month, and other months went straight into New moon Day. Then the four weekly cycle again. No months have two days at the end of them.


Now another very important point to note is that the week is cyclical in nature. After 7 days have been completed a new week begins. This unbroken cycle has continued throughout all time and the Bible simply takes it for granted (i.e. the manna story of Exodus 16). The lunar Sabbath theory, on the other hand, believes in successive weeks up to a certain point but it must invent rules to deal with the breaks (of 1 or 2 days every month) in the weekly cycle at the end of every month. There’s an old saying that declares that necessity is the mother of invention. This stands true for the lunar Sabbath theory because a lunar cycle (29.5 days) does not fit neatly with a non-broken recurring weekly cycle of 7 days. If you do the math you will see that at the end of every month (the 4th week- or 28 days) there would be an extra 1 or 2 days. This is quite the problem for lunar Sabbath adherents. How is the weekly cycle affected by these extra days? Do these extra days count as a part of the next week? Are they ignored? Should they be treated as common working days? Are they non-working days? There is no Bible answer! However one lunar Sabbath proponent that I corresponded with suggested that they were considered common labor days. This idea is the invention of necessity because there are no Scriptures that support that such days even existed so how much less any rule pertaining to them? The very silence of the Scriptures on this matter evidences the fact that lunar Sabbaths are a non-biblical invention. Let me give an example of why lunar Sabbaths are not the true Bible Sabbath.

“And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days: and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD” (Lev 23:15,16)


The Feast of weeks does not have to fall on a Sabbath day. The same way the Day of atonement does not.

This just highlights the problems you come up against when you try to separate the Biblical Sabbath days with a repeating 7 day cycle. Why?

Because the Bible states that the the day after Passover is a Sabbath. 7 days later it must therefore also be a Sabbath. There are absolutely no examples in scripture of a different seventh day in this time period. None. So if you are going to count seven Sabbath, you immediately have a problem.

How? In April 2014 the Passover falls on the 13th of April 2014.
The Sabbath of Unleavened bread falls on the 14th of April. A Monday. This is a Sabbath.How do I know?

John 9:31 tells us it was.
31 Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

So if it was a Sabbath, you already have a problem. Why? Because you will hold Saturday the 12th and then Saturday the 19th in 2014 as your Sabbath days. One Sabbath is separated by just two days. The other Sabbath is separated by just three days. This is not a seven day cycle.


Notice that this Bible verse speaks of 7 Sabbaths being complete. 7 Sabbaths passing (7 days per week) in a weekly cycle independent of the lunar cycle would be 49 days and then the 50th day would be the day following the last of the 7 Sabbaths.
As farther Biblical proof of this we turn to Deut 16:9,10 where we read about this exact same time period- the time between the “the morrow after the Sabbath” of the feast of unleavened bread and the feast of weeks. There, instead of the Bible reading “seven Sabbaths shall be complete” it reads “seven weeks.”

8 Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work therein. 9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn. 10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the Lord thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the Lord thy God, according as the Lord thy God hath blessed thee:(Deut 16:8-10)


It seems you are making out that this is a problem for those holding the Sabbaths based upon the months provided in the Bible? It is not. The Bible does not state that this feast is upon a regular Sabbath day. It says in Levitcus 23:21
“And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a holy convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it, it shall be a statute in your generations.


Again, this time period is referred to as “weeks” in Numbers 28:26

Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the Lord, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work (Num 28:26)

This 50 day consecutive count is irrefutable. This, by the way, is why the Scriptures also call the “feast of weeks” (Ex 34:22) the day of “Pentecost” (from the Greek “Pentekoste” which means the 50th day). The Spirit of prophecy is another witness to this truth as well:

Fifty days from the offering of first fruits, came the Pentecost, called also the feast of harvest and the feast of weeks. As an expression of gratitude for the grain prepared as food, two loaves baked with leaven were presented before God. The Pentecost occupied but one day, which was devoted to religious service (PP pg 540)

Now let’s see what this 50 day count would look like if the weekly cycle, with its culminating 7th day Sabbath, was dependent on the lunar cycle.

The chart below show what the weekly 7th day Sabbaths would be if based on the lunar Sabbath theory. They would fall on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th of each month because the 1st day of the month (and the week according to the lunar Sabbath theory) starts with the sighting of the new moon. The Sabbath days in this erroneous system are in brackets […] and the numbers in parenthesis (….) will indicate the counting of 50 days from the day after the Sabbath during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Now starting from the 15th day of the 1st month (See Lev 23:6) we begin counting off our 50 days to get to Pentecost. Remember the day count we need is 50 days and this is represented by the numbers in parenthesis.

Abib (First Month)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 [8]
9 10 11 12 13 14 [15] (1st day of feast) *
16 (1) 17 (2) 18 (3) 19 (4) 20 (5) 21 (6) [22](7) *
23 (8) 24 (9) 25 (10) 26 (11) 27 (12) 28 (13) [29] (14) *
30 (15)*

1 (16) 2 (17) 3 (18) 4 (19) 5 (20) 6 (21) 7 (22) [8] (23) *
9 (24) 10 (25) 11 (26) 12 (27) 13 (28) 14 (29) [15] (30) *
16 (31) 17 (32) 18 (33) 19 (34) 20 (35) 21 (36) [22](37) *
23 (38) 24 (39) 25 (40) 26 (41) 27 (42) 28 (43) [29] (44) *

1 (45) 2 (46) 3 (47) 4 (48) 5 (49) 6 (50) 7 [8]


Just so you know, you are counting wrong.

Leviticus 23:15-16 it says:

‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. 16 Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord.

So you should be counting 7 Sabbaths then 50 days (check verse 16). Why don’t you try that using the Gregorian Calendar and tell me if that ends up on a Sabbath? It won’t. It will always end up the day after.


I apologize for the chart above. I would color coordinate it to make it easier to look at and understand but facebook will not allow me to do so. Anyhow I hope you can see that the 50th day (50) in our count is on the 6th day of the 3rd month so the final 7th lunar Sabbath (on the [8th]) has not been completed so the lunar Sabbath system ends up 2 days short from meeting the required 7 Sabbaths!


The Feast of Weeks (aka: Pentecost) does not fit at all into the Lunar Sabbath model. Using the lunar cycle, 50 days “from the morrow after the Sabbath” brings us to only 6 complete Sabbaths. Why? Because starting from the 16th of the 1st month you cannot fit seven 7 completed lunar Sabbaths into 50 days. Why not? Because a lunar cycle, on average, is 29.5 days long. You have an average of 1.5 extra days per month!Again, lest anyone miss it, the lunar Sabbath system ends up being short a few days of the required 50!


So do you if you calculate it. Seven Sabbaths plus 50 day places you one day after the Sabbath. My point is that this was not a regular Sabbath day. It was a day set aside for the Lord.


Now remember in the Bible, God said that when we count 50 days, we will count “to the day after the seventh Sabbath.” (NIV). Under the lunar Sabbath system it is impossible for the 50th day to be “the day after the seventh Sabbath.”


That’s because you read it wrong ;->. It does;t say just count to 50. It says count seven sabbaths and then count 50 days.


So what does all of this show us? Simply this- it is mathematically impossible for the measuring stick of 7 Sabbaths from Lev 23:15, 16 to work with the lunar Sabbath theory. So then which one of these ideas is incorrect? 7 complete Sabbaths (50 days) till Pentecost or lunar Sabbaths? Obviously lunar Sabbaths!What this example proves is that the 7 day weekly cycle is continuous. It knows no breaks and it is not dependent on the lunar cycle. When the Bible is studied carefully it becomes very clear the the week with its culminating 7th day Sabbath is independent of the lunar cycle. Do you doubt this? Here is another Bible evidence showing this to be so.In a lunar cycle there are no more than 4 consecutive 7 day weeks. Yet in the Scriptures we see that the week is used as a measuring stick of time in numbers greater than4! For instance 7 weeks= 49 days according to Leviticus 23:15,16; Deut 16:9 and 70 weeks = 490 days according to Daniel 9:24-27. 7 weeks equaling 49 days does not work with a lunar Sabbath even as the math above shows. And 70 weeks most certainly does not equal 490 days with lunar Sabbaths! These simple mathematical facts completely shatter the lunar Sabbath theory. All lunar Sabbatarians need to wake up because they are fighting against the Word of God and the true Sabbath!


Slow down. “Yet in the Scriptures we see that the week is used as a measuring stick of time in numbers greater than4! For instance 7 weeks= 49 days according to Leviticus 23:15,16 “

Get your count right first and read the verse as it is written.

70 weeks = 490 days? Yes. That would be correct. He is adding multiples of 7 days. He doesn’t mention anything about the months.

70 weeks does equal 490 day using the Gods Calendar. Why? You are just counting weeks! Not the days in the month. He doesn’t say 7 months.


Now since we have shown how the lunar Sabbath theory does not work with the 50 day count (7 Sabbaths + 1 day) of Leviticus 23 required to reach Pentecost let’s look at another line of evidence supporting the true Bible Sabbath day.

As I mentioned earlier the lunar Sabbath theory holds that the weekly Sabbaths always happen on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of every month. Yet if that were the case then that makes Lev 23:39 very redundant. Let’s look at that verse together.

39 Also in THE FIFTEENTH DAY of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: ON THE FIRST DAY SHALL BE A SABBATH, AND ON THE EIGHTH DAY SHALL BE A SABBATH. (Lev 23:39)

These two annual Sabbaths would be occurring the 15th and the 22nd of the 7th month. In the lunar Sabbath system these would already be Sabbaths! So then why, pray tell, would God say that these dates “shall be a Sabbath?” The people of Israel would rightly say, “Umm….these are already Sabbath days Lord.”


Yes. That is the whole point!! These days are Sabbath days! These Sabbaths were festivals to the Lord. They use the word Sabbathown which you will also find in Leviticus 23:3 where it talks of just the Sabbath day.

Before you criticise this, you need to check where your Saturday Sabbaths are. Let’s take a look at where your Saturday Sabbath falls with respect to the day after Passover? Lets pick April 2019. Passover occurs on the Friday of the Gregorian Calendar, which makes your Sabbath fall on the Saturday. If your premise were correct, this could not happen.


You see friend, the reason why God had to say that these two annual Sabbaths were to always be on the 15th and 22nd is because the true weekly Sabbath (Saturday) does not always fall on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of a lunar month. The 7th day (Saturday) canfall on these dates but this does not always happen. Thus God, who ordained this calendar, had to make it clear that He wanted there to be two annual Sabbaths on the 15th and 22nd every 7th month. This shows that these dates, the 8th and 15th, were not already automatically weekly Sabbaths as the lunar Sabbatarian would have men believe.


By this reckoning, you should then be able to show me examples of this occurring on different days. I ask that you show me these different days as I have searched and cannot locate one.